What Cloth Diaper Detergent Should I Use?
Washing cloth diapers is not difficult and truly does NOT require special laundry detergents or equipment. That said, the type of cloth diaper detergent you choose, as well as the method you choose to wash your baby's cloth diapers, could have an affect on diaper performance, lifespan, as well as potentially voiding your diaper warranty.
There are some commercial detergents designed and marketed specifically for babies, such as Ivory Snow and Dreft. These detergents have excessive fabric softeners built-in for that "softness" some parents want to feel on their baby's clothes. YOU DO NOT want to use these detergents on cloth diapers; they can leave a residue on the fabric that renders cloth diapers ineffective. When it comes to detergents, staying simple is best - the less ingredients in your detergent, the better.
A few commercial laundry detergents we do recommend since we (as well as many of our customers) have positive results with washing diapers are Tide (original or ultra), Tide Free & Gentle, and Purex Free & Clear.
If you would like a detergent that is less commercial and a bit gentler on our earth, we sell and recommend the following brands of cloth diaper detergents. All are free of phosphates, dyes, enzymes, brighteners, fabric softeners and harsh chemicals. All will work with High Efficiency (HE) washing machines.
(Shown in alphabetical order.)
- bumGenius! Cloth Diaper Detergent - Blended specifically for High Efficiency (HE) washing machines, this detergent was developed in partnership with Country Save, a low-sudsing detergent formulated to work in hard or soft water areas.
- Country Save Powdered Laundry Detergent - Biodegradable and completely soluble, Country Save is a low-sudsing detergent formulated to work in hard or soft water areas.
- Eco Sprout Soap Cloth Diaper Detergent - Eco Sprout Soap (not technically a soap) is formulated for either hard or soft water areas. Eco Sprout does have all-natural scents available, but comes in an unscented version as well. A vegan and green detergent, Eco Sprout is free of enzymes, and fillers.
- GroVia Tiny Bubbles Cloth Diaper Detergent - Developed in partnership with The Design for the Environment Program, Tiny Bubbles is completely biodegradable, ultra-concentrated and developed without animal testing nor does it include any animal by-products.
- Rockin' Green Cloth Diaper Detergent - Available in three different versions (Soft Rock, Classic Rock, and Hard Rock) Rockin' Green can be used in either hard or soft water areas. Rockin' Green does have all-natural scents available, but comes in an unscented version as well. A VEGAN and GREEN detergent, Rockin' Green is also free of enzymes and fillers.
Please be sure to refer your diaper manufacturer's guidelines on detergent usage in order to preserve you warranty.
The Top 10 Basics of Caring for and Washing Cloth Diapers
1. Detergents Consider what detergent you want to use and be attentive regarding how much of it you use. Read the manufacturer's recommendations for usage; as a rule, commercial detergents tend to exaggerate how much is needed per wash, so we recommend that you fill the provided powder scoop or liquid cap to the #1 mark.
The biggest culprit for washing cloth diapers is fabric softener. Fabric softeners, over time, create an impenetrable layer atop the fabric fibers, rendering your baby's cloth diapers incapable of absorbing any moisture. If you choose to use a commercial cloth diaper detergent, just make sure there are no fabric softeners in it.
2. Wet Pail or Dry Pail? You do not need a wet pail. Modern day washers do well enough that soaking diapers is not needed. Also, a wet pail poses more risks with young toddlers in the home than it is worth. We recommend using a dry diaper pail, with a diaper pail liner, and washing every other day.
3. Solid Waste. Before placing your cloth diapers or diaper covers in a diaper pail, be sure to remove as much solid waste as possible. There are different diapering accessories to help reduce the amount of solid waste on your baby's cloth diapers - like stay dry diaper liners, flushable diaper liners, and even a diaper sprayer you can attach near the toilet for hands-free cleansing.
4. Wash Diapers Regularly. We recommend that you wash diapers every other day. This not only provides the perfect one load of laundry size, it also helps keep stains and odors at bay. Also by washing every other day, you will not need to purchase as large a supply of cloth diapers and diaper covers.
5. Cold Wash. Always begin your cloth diaper laundry with a cold wash; the cold water will lift and rinse away waste from the diaper and reduces the opportunity for stains to set in.
6. Hot Wash. After the cold wash, put the cloth diapers through a HOT wash (120F/60C) to thoroughly cleanse and sanitize. For water setting, you will want enough water so that diapers aren't squished in machine without the ability for them to agitate on one another. However, you do not want too much water so that the diapers are just swimming around.
7. Optional Rinse. When your baby's cloth diapers have completed the hot wash cycle, you may find the need for or want an additional rinse; we find this to be more true with commercial detergents that tend to be high-sudsing and high-residue.
8. Drying. Whether you tumble dry or hang dry your cloth diapers and diaper covers is a personal preference, however, research has shown that hang drying cloth diapers tend to have less wear and tear and a longer lifespan. If you want or need to dry in the dryer, we recommend drying on a low heat and only for as long as they need to dry. Avoid over drying.
Prefold diapers are the exception to this as they like to be "fluffed" - Prefold diapers are durable enough where you may dry on a high heat in order to get the fluffy results without much consequence.
9. Oxygen Bleach and other Additives While not necessary, using oxygen bleach on occasion is fine. It helps to whiten, reduce stains, sanitize and fight odors. With a good wash routine, additives such as baking soda or vinegar are not necessary in your cloth diaper wash.
10. Refer your diaper manufacturer's guidelines on detergent and/or additive usage in order to preserve you warranty
Preparing Cloth Diapers
Before your baby's cloth diapers ever wrap his/her bottom, they need to be prepared. A few wash/dry cycles alleviates any dirt or residue that could be left from the manufacturing and/or shipping process. This also ensures the fabric fibers are "prepped" and "fluffed" to ensure their absorbency.
Hemp or Cotton
|Wash Cotton 3-5 Times and Hemp or Organic Cotton 5-7 times in HOT water (120F/60C) using manuf. recommendations for appropriate amt. of detergent. These cycles are necessary to ensure your baby's cloth diapers absorb properly.
The cloth diapers DO need to be dried in the dryer between each wash cycle to fluff fibers for absorbency, and ensure appropriate shrinkage occurs.
|Wool should be hand washed in lukewarm water with wool shampoo or Woolwash.
Roll or line dry. Do NOT place in dryer.
|Wash any Polyester products once. If possible, avoid pre-washing synthetic polyester products with natural fibers.
Dry in a single warm dryer load.
PLEASE NOTE: Once your baby's cloth diapers have been prepped, and are ready to be used, future diaper washes can include both synthetic and natural fibers together, excluding wool; wool will always be washed separately.
When Your Cloth Diapers Aren't Getting Clean Enough…
If you notice your cloth diapers are not getting as clean as you'd like, experiment with a different brand of detergent. Sometimes the simple act of switching from one brand to another can make a difference in the overall cleanliness of the diapers.
You should also always be on the look-out for any diaper rash that might be caused by a particular kind of detergent, detergent residue, or any extra ingredients you may not have noticed your detergent contains. If this happens, the quickest remedy is switch to another brand.
Very hard and very soft water makes a difference in how well your baby's cloth diapers are cleaned. Families living in "hard water" areas might not notice the need to install a water softener until they begin washing their baby's cloth diapers.
Always be sure to read the instructions from the manufacturers for your individual cloth diapers; some detergent ingredients may void product warranties from the manufacturer. Some manufacturers will discourage the use of bleach in all forms or have special conditions for detergent, such as using less than would normally be required. In general, however, when washing cloth diapers just follow the above basic guidelines and everything should work beautifully.